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Photography School #2 :: Ambient Light

April 20th, 2012

Photography_School_Ambient_Light

Time for the second installment of Photography School with our resident expert, Mike Bullock. If you missed the first one, hop on over and get acquainted with Aperture. We’ve already received such an overwhelming response on this series, and I’m thrilled that y’all are as excited to tag along on my photography journey over the next year as I am! So, let’s dive into today’s lesson, on the basics of:

Making Ambient Light Work For You.

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Mike stopped by to help me with a DIY we were shooting for this Easter project, and it turned out to be the perfect opportunity to learn about light. So Mike, tell us about ambient light, and why gaining an understanding of how to use it is so crucial:

***

Capturing light. This defines the act of photography at it’s most basic level.  While that statement may seem obvious, it’s commonly overlooked by people aspiring to take great photographs, as they turn all their attention to the camera and expect it to make great pictures for them.  The truth is, any of today’s cameras can create great photographs when used in the right lighting situation.  Many photographers spend their entire careers understanding how to best utilize and control light, but there are a few simple aspects and tips that anyone can learn quickly.  They’re by far the easiest, most-impactful (and economical) ways to improve your photography on a consistent basis.

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Let’s talk about ambient light, or “available light”.  It refers to the light that is around us as opposed to light created specifically for a photograph.  Great photographers can spot and/or find great ambient light and direct their shots into it to get the best results. There’s a wide range of ambient light dynamics that can be used for different situations and effects, so I’m going to focus on just a few here.  

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Key rule: The larger the light source AND the closer it is to the subject, the less harsh the shadows will be.  This is referred to as “soft light” and it works really well for portraits and lifestyle shots.  The most common ambient sources for soft light are window light and shady spots on a bright, sunny day.  This is opposed to a light source that is small and further away from the subject, which can create very harsh and unflattering shadows.  The most common sources of this are direct sunlight and those tiny, automatic on-camera flashes that sit on most cameras today.  I personally avoid both of these at all costs, unless there’s a very specific effect I’m going for…or if there is no other choice. That’s right…I’m telling you to turn off your camera’s automatic flash.  There are several technical lighting reasons that make it the fastest way to make your image look very flat and very average.  In great ambient lighting situations, you’ll never miss it.  In tougher ambient lighting situations, it will make you work more for the shot, which may or may not be worth the effort depending on the situation.  There are lots of ways to get around it in dark environments but it’s usually gets more technical and requires more expensive gear (which we’ll cover in a future lesson.)

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When Camille asked for help with this Easter shoot, my attention turned to the ambient lighting situation. First, we had the table setup in direct sunlight on a bright day near a tree that was casting harsh shadows of leaves on the table and the kids faces, making them squint their eyes.  Not good.  Since this was a photo shoot (instead of a real party,) I was able to relocate the party inside near a big window that cast soft light onto the subjects – take a look at the difference!

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Thanks Mike – such a great lesson for me, and hopefully for all of you, too! Sometimes all it takes is opening our eyes and really seeing the shot to understand how to make it better. Working with tons of different photographers on a regular basis has shown me that the really great ones have this incredible grasp on how to make the light work for them, and this little exercise helped me start to see it in a new way. Are there any specific problem areas or burning photography questions that you’d like to see Mike and I focus on over the coming months? Please leave a comment and let us know, and stay tuned for another installment of Photography School in May!

*photos by Mike Bullock

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21 Comments under :: Photography School #2 :: Ambient Light
  1. This is so on point with my life. I’m taking a leave from my job for the summer before heading to grad school. I’m actually mentoring with a local photographer who has agreed to let me shoot some events with him. He gave me a few cameras and lenses to play with and my first even with him is next week! Definitely will be brushing up on the aperture post after reading this!

    • Camille Styles says:

      That’s amazing – congrats on this new adventure for you! I bet your skills are going to be crazy good after this summer!

  2. Jess says:

    Such excellent advice again, Mike! You’re blowing my mind with all these photog tips!! Thank you! :)

  3. Lauren says:

    I love this series you are doing on photography! Great idea! Cant wait to learn more!

  4. Georgina says:

    I am so excited about this series because I just got my first SLR. Definitely checking out the first as well, thank you!

  5. delia says:

    Yay I love these series :)

    delia
    http://www.lovelaughlipglosses.com/

  6. Alyssa says:

    So helpful–I just got my first SLR (like some other readers, I finally took the plunge!) and I’m slowly learning how to use it. Thanks for such a great post!

  7. Caitlin C. says:

    This was a wonderful tutorial! I’m SO excited about this series, going to check out aperture now! :)

  8. Thank you so much for this series Camille and Mike! I’ll be working on a photoshoot for my blog in two weeks and these tips will be so helpful!

  9. Amanda K. says:

    Love this series. I would also be interested to know how much post processing you do. I always love the before and after pictures.

  10. Thank you for this series, Mike and Camille. The difference between the harsh and ambient lighting setups are starting. I think I’ll bust out my Nikon this weekend and play around a bit. Thank you, as always, for the inspiration!

    xo,
    Ashley
    anylovelything.com

  11. Amanda Bax says:

    Ask and ye shall receive. I commented that I would like to learn more on lighting. Thanks!

  12. i love the series, can’t wait for may. i will put all of this in a little sketchbook so that i can carry it around all the time. thanks a lot.

  13. [...] market this morning, and I’m planning to bring along my camera and practice some of my new photography skills, then stock up on as much spring produce as possible for weekend cooking. And lest you think my [...]

  14. myseastory says:

    thanks for the greg tips, loving this series!
    would love to know a few tips on photographing food…
    happy weekend, xx j

  15. Barbara says:

    I found this very helpful.

  16. Great tips, lighting is always so hard to get right!

  17. Jen says:

    Thanks Mike and Camille for this great series. I am new to blogging and photography,. Your tips have been a huge help as I figure out what heck I am doing. Can’t wait for the next installment.

    best, jen

  18. [...] Shoot with a fixed (prime) lens instead of fumbling with zoom.  Get a 50mm or 35mm lens and get to know it really well.  Great photographers know how a shot will look before they even hold up the camera.  Primes also shoot well in low light. Reminder: turn off your camera’s flash if you can. It’s a huge distraction and flattens the image. For more on lighting and using your camera, be sure to visit previous lessons in Aperture, Filling the Frame, and Ambient Light. [...]

  19. [...] expert Mike Bullock. We’ve been doing our homework and putting our lessons in Aperture and Lighting to good use over the last couple months, so we’re super excited to add another notch to our [...]

  20. joodyjoods says:

    Thank you for this post! Late to lessons but loved the series. Will you share best cameras among different price ranges? Would love to see that. Thank you! – joody

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